Thomas Edward Lawrence
A British archaeologist and soldier, author of “The Seven Pillars of Wisdom,” he was the master of the hero in the Lawrence of Arabia film.
Lawrence was born August 16, 1888 in Tremadog, Carnarvonshire, Wales (Tremadog, Carnarvonshire, Wales). His father was Sir Thomas Chapman and Sara Maden Junner. Five brothers in total.
Sir Thomas then left Sara in Ireland to be in the custody of the Junner, whom Sara and the Tuner called themselves Mr and Miss Lawrence.
In 1896, the Lorrence family moved to Oxford, where they attended the City of Oxford High School for Boys.
1907 Lawrence enrolled in History at Jesus College, Oxford (Jesus College, Oxford)
Between 1907-1910, Lawrence spent the holidays cycling with friends to various places in England and France in order to explore ancient sites and monuments.
1909 traveled to Ottoman Syria by foot, thousands of miles to explore the castles left from the Crusades.
In 1910, he graduated with honors, number one, for which he wrote his dissertation “The Influence of the Crusades on European Military Architecture to the 12th Century.”
After graduating, Lawrence became an archaeologist for the British Museum. Lawrence was sent to work on archaeology studies in Karchemish (Carchemish; the current Syrian and Turkish Promdan). G. Hogarth (D. G. Hogarth) and R. Campbell (R. Campbell Thompson)
In 1914, during the first World War, Lawrence volunteered to become a British Army soldier and was sent to the Arab Bureau, a British intelligence agency based in Egypt. With this intelligence mission, Thomas had to travel throughout the Middle East.
During the World War I, a variety of Arab groups moved to demand autonomy for their own peoples to separate themselves from the Ottoman Empire. Many Arab groups contacted the British for support, with the territories that wanted to be separated into countries such as Syria, Mesopotamia, Hei. Jaz (Hejaz)
January 1915, (Sinai and Palestine Campaign) Ottoman army invaded an attack to seize the Sueth Canal from England.
December, (seige of Kut) the Ottoman army seized the city of Kut, where the British base was located.
June 1916, (Great Arab Revolt, 1916-1918) The uprisings against Ottoman rule over Arab lands began, in which British support the Kingdom of Hejaz: western Saudi Arabia present) in demanding independence from the Ottoman.
October, Lawrence was sent to Hejaz and worked near close proximity to Prince Faisal I of Iraq, who was the main leader in the anti-Ottoman rebellion.
In 1917, Lawrence was involved in an attack and bombed the Ottoman's many railways, bridges, forts.
July, (Battle of Aqaba), the Battle of Agaba (currently in Jordan), a port city along the Red Sea, was a major victory for Arab forces over Turkey. The capture of the Agabama made it easier for Britain to transport its armies and reserves to support it.
September 1918, (Battle of Megiddo), the Battle of Megiddo, was the last Turkish invasion of the Allied (British, French, Arab forces) in the 1st World War, where the Allies were victorious and able to successfully capture Damasus.
In 1919, after the war, Lawrence refused to take up the knighthood because he had failed to claim independence for Arab states, where Britain and France still wanted to keep those lands as colonies, but that Lawrence accepted the title of the All Souls College, Oxford.
At the Versailles peace conference, Lawrence served as an interpreter to Prince Faisal, but they were disappointed by the results because France wanted to keep Syria in its own power and not allow independence.
In 1920, after the war, he entered the British Air Force, using the pseudonym “John Hume Ross,” to avoid being targeted because of his reputation. But for a few months, the media revealed his true self, leading him to quit the army.
1921 March, meeting at. The Cario conference, on the results of this meeting, Prince Faisal was appointed King of Iraq, while Abdullah, the head of Faisal, became the ruler of Transjordan before later becoming king.
1923 used the new pseudonym “Thomas Edward Shaw” and took office in the Tank Regiment.
1925 resumed in the Air Force once more.
1926 published The Seven Pillars of Wisdom, his memoir during the war.
1927 was stationed in Karachi (Karachi, Pakistan) for a while
1935 retired from the Army and went to Clouds Hill (Clouds Hill, Dorset)
May 13, Lauxrewe rode a motorbike out of his home in Morton Country (Moreton County, Dorset) but then got into an accident when his motorbike broke dodged the bike, causing his motorbike to fall, and Lawrence suffered serious injuries, particularly to the head.
May 19, died