Oda Nobunaga ()
Nobunaga was born on January 23, 1534 in Nagoya, Owari, Japan. He was the second son of Oda Nobuhide, a lower-class daimyo in Owari Prefecture, but was wealthy because he possessed a lot of land in Owari and had a strong military force. The Mikawa province of Matsudiara family is led by Matsudiara Hirotada, Imagawa clan of Imikawa Yoshimoto, Daimyo of Suruga province, and Mino province.)
Nobunaga's mother was named Dota Gozen.
Nobunaga is a second child; he has 13 other siblings, 11 men and two women.
Nobunaka's childhood, he was named “Kipposhi.” Because of his strange habits, he was nicknamed “The Idiot of Owari” (the Great Fool of Owari).
When he was 5 years old, Nobunaga was sent to Nagoya castle separately with his parents because his mother gave birth to a new child, Oda Nobuyuki.
In 1546, the legend says that at the game puku ceremony (ger ger, Genpuku, celebration at the age of 13), Nobunaga changed its name from Kipposhi to Nobunaka at Furuwatari Castle.
1547 (Battle of Kanoguchi) Nobuhide defeated Saito Dozan (駅, Saito Dosan), the warrior of Mino.
1548 Oda Nobuhide was defeated in the Battle of Azukizaka to Imikawa Yoshimoto.
In 1549, Nobuhide made peace with Mino by letting Nobunaga marry Nohime (, Nohime), daughter of Saito Dozan (Saito Dosan).
In 1551, Nobuhide, his father suddenly died, making Nobunaka, the eldest legal child, Owari's new daimyo, but it caused a rift within the Oda family itself because many of the brothers disagreed that Nobunaga would lead the family.
In 1552, the Battle of Kaizu Nobunaga defeated the Oda Nobutomo.
In 1555, Nobunaga sent soldiers to Mino to rescue his father-in-law Saito Dozan. After aito Yoshitatsu, his son tried to take power from his father, but Nobunaga's rescue failed, and Saito Dozan died in the Battle of Nagara-gawa.
In 1557, Oda Nobuyuki planned to seize Nobunaga's authority, but Nobunaga first learned of this plan by Shibata Katsuie. This incident caused Nobuyuki to be forced to do Harakiri himself.
In 1558 (Siege of Terabe), Nobunaga sent soldiers to help protect Suzuki Shigeteru, who defected from Iimigawa's side.
(Battle of Ukino) Oda Nobukata, which tried to rebel, was subdued, which was the last rebellion within the clan against Nobunaka.
In 1560, Nobunaka was able to extend his influence over the family of Owari, putting the entire prefecture under his control.
In addition, this same year, Nobunaga managed to win the army of Imagawa Yoshimoto, the Daimyo of Mikawa province, the adjacent prefecture, in Ogehasama. In this battle, Oda's army had only 3,000 soldiers, while Mikawa's soldiers had More than 40,000 people
Nobunaga's military was the first Japanese force to be modernized by the Western deployment of firearms (muskets).
In 1562, Kiyosu alliance Nobunaga has agreed to an alliance with Tokugawa Ieyasu (川家, Tokugawa Ieyasu), the new Daimyo of Mikawa Prefecture.
In 1565, when Shogun AshiKagayoshiteru was assassinated, Nobunaga relied on this stroke to enter Kyoto.
It was the first step in the annexation of Japan. Nobunaga introduced the word Tenka Fubu (天) which means “annexation of land by force” as an identification seal.
In 1568, Nobunaga supported Ashikaga Yoshiaki as a new Shogun as a puppet of Nobunaga.
In 1570 (Battle of Anegawa), Nobunaga together with Tokugawa Ieyasu defeated the joint army of Asakura Yoshikage and Azai Nagamasa.
In 1571, attacked and destroyed the base of the Tendai Warrior, both on the Hiei Mountains, which went to Kyoto.
1573 conquered Echizen province and Wakasa province. Then Nobunaga forced Ashikaya Yoshiaki to leave the Shogin position, causing the Shogunate position of the Shigaya clan to end.
June 1575, (Battle of Nagashino) in a battle in Nagashino Nobunaga, with Tokugawa Ieyasu defeating Takeda Katsuyori.
In 1576, Nobunaga built a new castle in Azuchi on the side of Lake Biwa, near Kyoto, to serve as a base base. The castle was named Azuchi-Mamoyama castle.
In 1579, Akechi Mitsuhide, the captains of Nobunaga, invaded Tanba for the third time and was able to finally defeat it. Settsu province, Mimasaka province, and Bizen province are under Nobunaga's authority.
In 1580, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who is also Nobunaga's captains, spent two years blocking Miki Castle before they were defeated and eventually capturing Tajima prefecture.
1581 Toyomi Hideyoshi conquered Inaba province (Inaba province)
Until this year, central Japan fell under the power of Nobunaga.
June 21, (Honno-ji Incident) Akeshi Mitsuhide, the captains of Nobunaga, rebelled by sending troops to invade the Honnoji Temple, which Nobunaka used as a resting place, made Nobunaga decide to make his own harakiri, and ordered Mori Ranmaru. I serve, set fire to the temple and his body so that no one could take his body.
On July 2, the Battle of Yamazaki (Battle of Yamazaki) Toyomi Hideyoshi avenged Nobunaga by defeating Akeshi Matsuhide's army. After that, Toyomi Hideyoshi continued Nobunaka's policy of unification.