Zhang Qian
Zhang Qian

Zhang Qian

Zhang Qian ()

An envoy from the Han Dynasty, who sent out to flourish with foreign nations during the 2nd century. His journey opened the way for the Silk Road.

Zhangqian was born in 200 BC in Hanjong, Shaanxi Province (Hanzhong, Shaanxi)

140 BC later, 140 BC - 135 BC, Zhang Qian moved to Chang'an, the capital, and entered the royal court of Emperor Wu (Emperor Wu,) of the Han dynasty (Han dynasty).

Han at that time had an enemy: Xiangnu (, Xiongnu). The inhabitants of the Xiang-rat tribe lived in the current Inner Mongolia, a territory in the west.

138 BC, Zhang Qian was ordered by Emperor Wuti to travel to the peace of mind with the Uchi (月, Yuezhi people), a nomadic tribe in Central Asia. The current Tajikistan group is made up of 99 members, one of which is a Xiangnu tribe called Kung Fu (Ganfu,). The goal of this trip to the USI was to find a military alliance for the Han in the war against Chiang Nu.

However, during the trip to UC, Zhang Qian had to travel through the land of Chiang Nu, which was taken by the people of Xiangnu on the way, where Zhang Qian had been held captive for more than thirteen years. During his capture in Siennu, Zhang Qian had a white young woman of Chiang Nu as a wife and a son. From Siennu

In the later hours Zhang Qian and his family, including Kung Fu, managed to escape, and they were still heading to Uchi's land to continue their diplomatic mission.

When it comes to Dayuan, 大( Tawan), which is a farming profession, some crops that were not known to the Chinese people at that time were cultivated, such as alfalfa. They also had a strong, patient breed called the Sweat Blood Horse, 大, or Ferghana horse, which There was a strong patience, but Da-Yuan's leader refused to give this horse a tribute to the Han Emperor, who later fought the war to occupy the horse twice.

Zhang Qian has been living in Dayyuan for about a year, where he also studied the information of the territory surrounding the UC, the Bactrian in the south. Zhang Qian made a statement about the culture, the economy of the Bactrian, as well as their daily lives, which he gave to the report after returning to the Han Han.

When Zhang Qian had to land his way back from the land of the USI, Zhang Qian had to pass through the land of Chiang Nu once again, which allowed him to be captured again, and stayed in Chiang Nu for two years. Until when the king of Chiang Nu Sawankat and became turmoil within the royal court of Xiangnu, Zhang Qian took the opportunity to escape and return to Han.

125 BC in the 13th year after being sent as ambassador, Zhang Qian successfully returned to Han and attended Emperor Wuti to pay tribute to the economic and cultural studies of the kingdoms he visited, such as the Bacterian city of Tacia (大, Daxia), a city with a mixed culture between Greece and India, soil. Dangangju (, Kangju) or the city of Zhangqian has never been to but hear from the words such as Axi Kingdom (安, Anxi), the land of Arsacid Empire, Wusan (Shendu), Shendu (which means India, comes from the word “Indu”), Tao Ji (, Tiaonzhi) or Ahajrak Selua Kid (Seleucid Empire) in Mesopotamia ( Mesopotamia, which Zhang Qian reported, was later recorded as part of Records of the Grand Historian or Chee Ji (, Shi Ji) written later by Shima Chian (, Sima Qian) in the 1st century.

According to the Zhang Qian report, China saw the opportunity to develop trade with the Central and Western regions of Asia, until it became a Silk Route later.

This time, he was sent to the Wusan (, Wusun), a tribe living on the banks of the Ili River in the northern part of Tarim Basin. His envoy consisted of 300 people and 600 horses, along with tens of thousands of cows and sheep, along with silver and jewels. There's a lot more value.

He also divided some groups to visit Bacria (Bactria, Afghanistan), Sogdiana (Turkmenistan) and Fergana Valley, Uzbekistan), which gave more information about Parthia and India on this trip. In addition, getting closer to the territory of Influence came, which at that time was the time of Alexander the Great, which allowed Zhang Qian to recognize that there was a Greek land farther west.

The second mission of Zhang Qian was successful, and King Wusan sent his envoy back to Han with him.

After returning to China, Zhang Qian was appointed Viceroy (大).

113 BC Zhang Qia died in his hometown.

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