Leonid Kartorovich (Лионид Витальевия Канторовия)
Pioneer linear programming, owner of the Nobel Prize for Economics 1975
His father was a doctor named Vitalij (Vitalij Kontorovich, 1855-1922), and the mother was a dentist named Paulina (Saks) Grigoryevna, 1874-1942).
During the People's War (Civil War, 1917-1921), his family moved to Belarus.
His father died. After that, the mother served as the head of the family.
1926 enrolled at Leningrad State University in mathematics.
1930 Bachelor's Degree and further study
At the age of 22, after graduating, worked as a professor at the University of New Year. Leningrad, along with his work at the Institute of Industrial Construction Engineering, where he oversaw work in plywood production.
1935 received a Ph.D.
1938 married Natalia (Natalia Ilyina), who was a doctor. Later they had three children together.
In 1939, invented a arithmetic technique that today is called linear programming. He came up with this method to find the most effective method of producing plywood.
Write a book Математические методы организации и планирования производства (The Mathematical Method of Production Planning and Organization), which presents the linear programming he invented to solve production problems.
Received the position of a professor at the Military Engineering-Technical University. vitt.vamto.mil.ru) in St.
In 1941, when Leningrad was surrounded by Nazi Germans, Khantorovi worked at the Higher School for Naval Engineers in St. Petersburg. This road is called Road of Life (Road of Life, Дорога жизни). The function of Kanatorovich is to check the path through which the car passes, whether it is strong enough that the ice will not break and the car will not sink.
In 1948, he worked at the Faculty of Mathematics, Leningrad University, while working with the Soviet nuclear weapons development program.
1949 won the Stalin Prize
1960 moved to work at Novosibirsk State University in the Faculty of Mathematics and Economics
1964 became a member of the USSR Academy of Sciences in Mathematics
1971 moved to work at the Institute of National Economic Management.
1975 received the Nobel Prize for Linear Programming
1986 7 April, died in Moscow
Approximate methods of higher analysis, 1936The Mathematical Method of Production Planning and Organization, 1939The Best Uses of Economic Resources, 1959Functional Analysis in Normed Space, 1959