Maurice Hilleman
Maurice Hilleman

Maurice Hilleman

Maurice Ralph Hilleman (Maurice Ralph Hilleman)

Microbiologists developed over 40 vaccines and played a key role in fighting the U.S. flu pandemic in 1957 (Asian flu pandemic, 1957-1958)

Hillman was born August 30, 1919, in Montana (Miles City, Montana), on the family farm. His father was Gustav Hillemann and mother Anna (Anna Uelsmann).

During the Great Depression 1930s, Hillman worked as an employee in a J.C. store. Penney and didn't think of returning to school, however, that his brother was able to convince Hillman to come back to school.

In 1941, he graduated from Montana State University in Chemistry and Microbiology, with the number one ranking in his generation. After graduating, he received a scholarship to the University of Chicago.

1944. Ph.D. in Microbiology from M.D. He made a thesis on Chlamydia infection, which at the time was caused by the virus. However, Hillman showed that the cause of the disease was caused by the bacteria (chlamydia trachomatis).

After graduating, Hillman took a job at E.R. Squibb and Sons, a pharmaceutical research and manufacturing company based in New Jersey, which, at That time was at the time of the World War, and Hillman participated in the research of vaccines for Japanese encephalitis, JE, which is a heavy outbreak among U.S. troops out of battle in Southeast Asia.

1948 was named Chief Respiratory Diseases of the Army Medical Center, now Walter Reed Army Institute of Research in Washington, D.C. C.

1957 moved to Merck and Co. Head of Virus Research in West Point, Pennsylvania

April, a strain of influenza that was not known at that time in Hong Kong (Asian Flu, 1957-1959), where 10% of children at that time became infected very quickly.

By spring, the flu pandemic arrived in the U.S., where over 100,000 people died from the flu.

Hillman was aware of the dangers of this virus, and he got a sample of the virus from a liquid from a fallen U.S. soldier. According to his studies, he did not find that any soldiers had immunity against this strain, so he accelerated the development of vaccines by contacting pharmaceutical companies to develop vaccines urgently, ignoring state standards, which did not last long. The vaccine was also able to be produced and distributed to U.S. citizens. More than 40 million people overtook that spring.

The Hong Kong flu killed more than 1.1 million people worldwide.

1963 Hillman's daughter Jeryl Lynn was ill with mumps, so Hillman collected a sample of the infection from his daughter to develop a vaccine for mumps.

That, prior to the development of the vaccine, each year in the U.S., there are 200,000 patients with mumps each year.

Hillman's first wife died this year, after which he later got his second marriage to Lorraine (Lorraine Hilleman), a former nurse, and had two other daughters together.

1968 (Hong Kong flu pandemic) Hillman and his team played a huge role in accelerating vaccine development.

1981, the hepatitis B vaccine developed by Hillman was allowed to be available in the U.S. Until 1986, before the license was canceled in the U.S., because a new vaccine was developed instead.

1984, he retired from a routine job, but also worked as a consultant for Merck.

2005 April 11, died at 85 years old in Philadelphia.

Throughout Hillman's life, he co-developed over 40 vaccines for humans and animals.

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